Play is an important role in the development and learning of child. Children play is not just a fun, it is a main activity that meet their basic needs. The game provides the most complete unity of physical, intellectual and socio-emotional development of the child. Baby through the game introduces the adult world and in different ways by experiencing. Due to the specific structure of mental functions in childhood, play is the child's non-specialized activity, activity that expresses the overall personality of the child.
In the upbringing and educational terms greatest value of the game is reflected in the fact that it is able to attract and keep children's attention to certain content and motivates them to participate actively in certain situations.
Particularly worthy of activities in which children build experience and use their resources leading to achieving higher levels of development. The child in the play creates situations that are under its control, which itself creates, and understands where he feels safe. In the game, children experiment, explore, solve problems in their own way.
The main feature of the game as a specific activity of children is reflected in the fact that it is an end in itself. The child is played in the focus of attention and interest, and not the result of playing.
The game is a form of exploratory behavior when a child is trying out different options, as their own, as well as the opportunities that exist in his physical and social environment. While playing, the child explores the world around him. The game is for child a substitute for all those activities performed by adults, and for which he is not capable. In the game, the kid has a great degree of freedom and the greatest degree of independence. The game is able to engage the entire register of all potentials and resources in the development of the child.
And what is the child's play? First of all, it is voluntary activity because the child enters into it willingly. The game is free from the urgent needs of the child and any set goals. It is separated in terms of time and space constraints. The outcome is uncertain because the child can explore, process and find innumerable possibilities for treatment contained in objects and events. In the game, the process is more important than the product. Children's play features the fiction in relation to the current life. Child's play has a very large and you could say irreplaceable importance in the overall development of the child. The difference between games and other activities is that the game is free, spontaneous activity that is an end in itself. The pleasure that is the result of the game is the only one aware of the reason why the child plays.
The nature of children's games is a complex which includes the existence of numerous functions. The first is educational because the child acquires knowledge through the game, skills, experience, adopt hygienic habits, language, cultural and social characteristics of the group in which he lives and accepted behavior in it. When we talk about child's play, it is an activity that is both a game and work, because the game affects all aspects of child development - sensorimotor, cognitive (perception, learning, memory, thinking, intelligence), emotional, moral, social, and and the development of speech.
Development function refers to the stimulus physical, cognitive and socio-emotional development of the child of preschool age. The game represents a creative act in which children express their creativity. The game is a form of child labor and start of acting. An important feature of the game is self-actualization through the game as a child builds their own ego.
The game is to prepare a child for life
The multifaceted character of the child's game for his full development. It contributes to the development of psycho-physical functions of the child, his abilities and knowledge. Game creates conditions for the formation of emotionally stable, socialized and creative personality. The social and emotional terms, the game is a kind of preparation of the child for life in society and with others. The child in the game at the same time frees and develops their feelings by being constantly experiencing a new relationship with various play activities, according to his friends in the group in which to play, to the outside world and himself.
The designs that are imbued with feelings have a special power, they gradually take on a major role in motivating the child and become instigators of many activities. Through play, the child learns interaction, communication and cooperation with others, learn to receive, but also to give and to share with drugima.Tako?e, through the game, the child learns the basic moral rules, in accordance with their age and level of development of its opinions. Very early on, through play and socialize with others, the child begins to learn what is good and what is bad, what is just and what is unjust, what is fair and what is not.
Throughout the game, but during the infant, the child becomes familiar with the quality and characteristics of things and objects in its immediate vicinity - fumbles, view, tapping, into their mouths, and so on. In the process of the game, and with the help of toys, children are introduced to a variety of shapes, colors, materials ... Through play, auto-sensing and self-experimentation, the child acquires many skills and knowledge and thus develop their cognitive abilities (perception, learning, memory, thinking, intelligence). Knowing the game has its own characteristics and outstanding advantages, because learning occurs as a product of spontaneous learning. A child adopts what he needs now, not what what will it be necessary in an indefinite future. The way a child thinks the game is one of the main drivers of his intellectual development.
All of the above points to the fact that the game has irreparable role in the learning and development of children. Therefore, it is extremely important that adults understand the importance of children's games that encourage and nurture.
In order to help your toddler in game at home we will introduce you to the types of games that are characteristic for a certain period of development. In the first few months of life, a baby's game consists mainly of joyful motor movements with the gradual introduction of his fingers, and later, towards the end of the first year, starting to play with toys. How do you baby can not tell you what it wants, attention should be pointing to the non-verbal signs - follow all your baby love and supportive of the matter is how facial gestures (smile) and verbally what you do, react to her the babble, imitate the movements performed , discover toys and their characteristics (eg. sounds). For this period are recommended games with sound toys and those that highlight the bright colors.
At the age of 1 to 3 years, the child still does not know how to express their ideas, and he needs the support of an adult. As early as the first year children walk at the same time become more and more active in the game. During this period, children enjoy playing with different dishes, stuffed toys, balls, balloons. As early as the second year of a child can be a long time to spend in the game, expanding the range of interests for toys and appear first in-game social contacts with other children. Around the third year, there are imagination and dramatization - "Games make-believe things" in which children toys combine in various ways, it is good to be among the toys your child are copies of real objects (fruits, vegetables, cooking dishes, accessories for the doctor, the hairdresser ...).
Around the age of four, the child develop imagination and dramatization games with the creative application of the material for the game. For this period are characteristic imitative games in which you play situations from everyday life. Despite complex ideas, the child in this age still not able to implement them fully. Expands to a group in which a child plays (mostly 2-3 children of the same gender). Your job as a parent is that you follow your child and be his partner and active participant in the game. Giving a child partner in the stories of fairies, dragons, princesses ...
Around five years, the interest of the child for a particular game becomes more stable and more durable, so it can happen that you are asked to play the same game for days. The child is already able to play by the rules, so you can spend time together in social games (dominoes, memory games, etc.). By the end of preschool age, the game is more complicated and creative play reaches its climax. Support your child in drawing, painting, construction, testimony, hearsay ... For this period are also characteristic cooperative games.
The modern way of life largely away parents and children, there is less time to spend together. In that sense, trying to give away your toddler quality time you spend with him - in a common game, but not parallel activities. Sometimes parents fall into the trap, so they spend hours and hours "with" their child. However, the child will mean many more minutes you will actually spend "with" him. Kids definitely feel when they're really dedicated, but rather when you 'do' things. Separate part of the day when you will be dedicated exclusively to your child, let him get it chooses games and activities that will engage in together, follow him and actively participate without intending to take the lead. In this way, you send a sincere message to your child how much you care about him and that you love him.
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